Deforested areas bleed heat to nearby forests, drive local extinctions

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Article published by malavikavyawahare Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change And Forests, Conservation, Deforestation, Extinction, Forests, Global Warming, Habitat, Wildlife Conservation center_img Forests play an important role in cooling the Earth.Deforestation doesn’t just contribute to temperature increases where it occurs but also in adjacent forests, according to a new study.This leaking of heat into adjacent forests puts species living there at risk by pushing up temperatures that are already rising due to climate change.This is bad news for countries like Madagascar, which not only hosts many endemic species with limited habitat, but also has alarming rates of deforestation. Areas cleared of forests bleed heat to neighboring forests, and this fuels increases in temperatures there, new research has found. Average temperatures in forests around the world are already rising because of climate change; this leaked heat exacerbates the problem and accelerates local extinctions of forest-dwelling species.“The warming is happening from global climate change but deforestation is generating additional warming, which is making climate change’s impact even worse in the tropics for biodiversity and the forest itself,” said Barry Sinervo, an ecologist and evolutionary biologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and a co-author of the recent paper in PLOS ONE that described the phenomenon.The new research was prompted by findings from an earlier paper by Sinervo and colleagues. That 2010 paper analyzed patterns of local extinctions among lizard populations between 1975 and 2009 and examined the link to climate change. It predicted that almost 40 percent of lizard populations around the globe were at risk of local extinction by 2080. About 20 percent of species were at risk of being wiped out altogether.What struck Sinervo was the unusually high rate of extinction in Madagascar, one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. “I was intrigued why Madagascar had a much higher observed extinction rate than any other [country] and I saw that Madagascar had warmed faster than mainland Africa,” Sinervo told Mongabay.In Madagascar, two forest reserves analyzed in the 2010 paper reported an increase in maximum temperatures of 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and also a 75 percent rate of deforestation in adjacent areas. However, there was insufficient data at the time to investigate whether the rising forest temperatures were related to the nearby deforestation.In the new paper, Sinervo and his colleagues, including lead author Jayme Prevedello, an ecologist at Rio de Janeiro State University in Brazil, examine that link by looking at data from Brazil, where rapid deforestation threatens vast swaths of forest. The team looked at satellite data for deforestation and developed a model that could estimate the corresponding increase in land surface temperature due to deforestation.An Amazonian rainforest and cattle pasture in Brazil. Credit: Rhett A. ButlerIn tropical forests, the study found, loss of half of the forest cover leads to an increase of about 1.08 degrees Celsius (1.94 degrees Fahrenheit) in the land surface temperature of the adjacent forest. Based on the model, the team predicted that in Brazil, current rates of deforestation could lead to as much as 1.45 degrees Celsius (2.61 degrees Fahrenheit) of additional warming by 2050.Forests are known to perform a cooling function, especially in the tropics. A different study published in Nature in April showed that forest cover helps cool the land by an average of 4 degrees Celsius (7.2 degrees Fahrenheit). This is a combined effect of two key factors.The albedo effect is one: Land cleared of forest is darker in color than land with tree cover, and thus absorbs more solar radiation. Transpiration is the other: Trees absorb water from the ground and channel it upward to the tiny pores on leaves, where it evaporates and helps cool the surrounding area.According to Sinervo, it is a mistake for people to believe saving forest patches near clear-cut areas will save the species living there. Rather, temperatures in forests left standing rise substantially, which can make them unsuitable habitats for a variety of animals. This exacerbates the direct impacts of forest loss, such as the shrinking of habitat.A rainforest in Tampolo on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Credit: Rhett A. ButlerScientists are already documenting the effects of climate change on certain species in Madagascar. Christopher J. Raxworthy, a herpetologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, led a study showing that at least three species of amphibians and reptiles in mountainous northern Madagascar may be wiped out between 2050 and 2100 as warmer temperatures make habitats at lower altitudes unsuitable.The message, according to the authors of the new research, is that in order to save biodiversity, deforested areas need to be reforested to mitigate the impacts of climate change, especially in the tropics.The first steps toward understanding these impacts are now being taken. In May, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) launched a climate-resilience project in collaboration with Madagascar National Parks. The project, funded by the African Development Bank, will cover 14 national parks in Madagascar chosen for their unique biodiversity. An initial study to be conducted by the IUCN will identify the problems caused by the increasingly unpredictable climate in these sites and look at how local communities and other private actors affect the health of the forests there, including via deforestation.CitationsPrevedello, J. A., Winck, G. R., Weber, M. M., Nichols, E., & Sinervo, B. (2019). Impacts of forestation and deforestation on local temperature across the globe. PLOS ONE, 14(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0213368.Sinervo, B., Mendez-De-La-Cruz, F., Miles, D. B., Heulin, B., Bastiaans, E., Villagrán-Santa Cruz, M., . . . Gadsden, H. (2010). Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches. Science, 328(5980), 894-899. doi:10.1126/science.1184695Raxworthy, C. J., Pearson, R. G., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotondrazafy, A. M., Ramanamanjato, J., Raselimanana, A. P., . . . Stone, D. A. (2008). Extinction vulnerability of tropical montane endemism from warming and upslope displacement: A preliminary appraisal for the highest massif in Madagascar. Global Change Biology,14(8), 1703-1720. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01596.xBanner image: A Parson’s chameleon (Calumma parsonii), a species endemic to Madagascar. Credit: Rhett A. Butler.Malavika Vyawahare is the Madagascar staff writer for Mongabay. Find her on Twitter: @MalavikaVyFEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.last_img read more

Wanyama on target as Saints thrash Newcastle

first_img0Shares0000Victor Wanyama: Midfielder celebrates third goalUNITED KINGDOM, April 9 – Kenyan midfielder Victor Wanyama scored as Southampton thrashed Newcastle 3-1 to  plunge them closer to relegation from the Premier League.Former captain Steven Taylor was hauled off at half-time by Newcastle manager Rafael Benitez, while full-back Daryl Janmaat’s comical fall let Graziano Pelle blast home Southampton’s second goal. Taylor watched on motionless when Shane Long struck Saints’ opener after just four minutes, with Victor Wanyama on target in the second half.Andros Townsend fired a 20-yard shot in response, but the listless St James’s Park club are now six points from safety with just six games to play.Benitez’s men surely need at least four victories to have any chance of clawing to safety, but a run-in containing Manchester City, Liverpool and Tottenham remains extremely daunting.A second Premier League relegation in seven years is surely now only a matter of time.Centre back Taylor’s woeful showing encapsulated all that is wrong with Newcastle.The Tynesiders sorely needed the 30-year-old to stand strong as the ‘Local Hero’ of Mark Knopfler’s club anthem fame – but instead the defender’s calamitous performance put him firmly in villainous territory.Taylor ought to be Newcastle’s emotional heartbeat, he ought to drive the dressing room focus. Instead he merely underscores the glaring lack of top-flight quality at this once-proud north east institution.Paralysed as much by ineptitude as fear, Taylor stood motionless as Long cakewalked through Newcastle’s so-called defence to open the scoring on four minutes.The symbol of a broken club, Taylor’s shoulders shrugged as much as sagged at the inevitability of Southampton’s lead and Newcastle’s impotence to protest.Full-back Janmaat’s defensive efforts were just as embarrassing, his comical slip gifting the break that led to Saints’ second goal.The 26-year-old ought to have intercepted Wanyama’s wayward through ball with ease. Instead he kicked one leg against the other, landed in a heap, and set Southampton away on the break.A previously rehearsed comedy of errors could have been timed no better.In a flash Long was once more prowling Newcastle’s box, crabbing left in search of support or an opening to shoot.The onrushing Pelle provided both, stepping up and blasting home, effectively ending the contest little more than half an hour in.Janmaat disappeared to the safety of the bench claiming a back problem, but embarrassment could so easily have been the real reason for his withdrawal.Taylor will have been shamed by his half-time substitution, but boss Benitez hardly had any option, so poor was the defender’s performance.Wanyama slotted Saints’ third after Karl Darlow could only parry Pelle’s blast following a corner as the hosts picked up where they had left off after the break.Former Tottenham winger Townsend angled a fine drive past Fraser Forster, but there was to be no resistance. This proved Newcastle’s sole threatening attack of the match.Southampton coasted to victory from start to finish, indicating Newcastle’s malaise and little more. Ronald Koeman’s men will doubtless have to raise their urgency and accuracy to secure that craved Europa League qualification.Only last summer owner Mike Ashley insisted he will not sell Newcastle until the club land a major trophy. The divisive Sports Direct magnate could be in for a long wait.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Which is easier: Reading or math?

first_imgStates design tests for their students in both subjects in grades three through eight and once in high school. By 2014, all students are supposed to reach the proficiency mark on those tests, which generally means they are working at their grade level. What kids have to show they can do to be labeled proficient in math is typically harder in most states than what they have to do to in reading, according to a study released today by the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, a Washington-based education think tank. The findings come a little more than a week after the federal government reported students have been making much more progress in math than in reading in recent years. Michael Petrilli, the think tank’s vice president for policy, said it makes sense that students’ math skills are improving if there are high expectations of them in that subject. “If the bar is higher, you’ve got to work a lot harder,” he said. The Fordham study also found many states are making it easy to score well on the tests given in elementary school but harder to pass the middle-school tests. That could be “giving parents, educators, and the public the false impression that younger students are on track for future success – and perhaps setting them up for unhappy surprises in the future,” the report states. The study only looked at tests in about half the states – places where students take the state exams plus tests by the Northwest Evaluation Association, a nonprofit testing group. The report’s authors compared the state tests to the association’s exams to check for rigor. Specifically, the report found: In reading, Colorado, Wisconsin and Michigan generally had the lowest proficiency standards. The highest standards in reading were found in South Carolina, California, Maine and Massachusetts. In math, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin were cited as having the lowest proficiency standards. The highest math standards were found in South Carolina, Massachusetts, California and New Mexico. The Fordham institute supports creating uniform educational standards and tests across state lines. The No Child Left Behind law is up for renewal this year in Congress, and many lawmakers support putting new incentives in the law to encourage states to raise their standards.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! STUDY: The No Child Left Behind tests aren’t of equal difficulty, think tank finds. By Nancy Zuckerbrod THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON – The math tests students take under the No Child Left Behind law are harder than the reading exams, a study finds. last_img read more

‘Man United will NEVER win title under Mourinho – players have gone BACKWARDS!’

first_imgManchester United’s young players have gone BACKWARDS under Jose Mourinho, and the club will NEVER win the Premier League title with him in charge.That’s the opinion of Tony Cascarino, who offered a damning verdict on the current state of the Red Devils side following their latest disappointing result at Old Trafford.Mourinho’s men were held to their NINTH draw at home this season against Everton on Tuesday night, as Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s stoppage-time penalty rescued a point for the hosts.The 1-1 tie did continue United’s long unbeaten streak, with their last defeat at Chelsea back in October, but 12 of those 20 games have been draws and Ibrahimovic said following the game he was frustrated by the club’s lack of wins.And Cascarino believes the lack of regular goalscorers in their squad means United are way behind their rivals in the race for a league crown.Speaking to talkSPORT host Jim White, Cascarino said: “Manchester United as a club – where are they?“I can’t see them winning the league under Mourinho. I can’t see it, I think they’re so far behind. I’m looking at a team that are struggling like hell.“I played against Man United a couple of times, got beat 5-1 and 4-0, you knew exactly how it was going to go, it was a tin hat job, you were going to get a battering. I now see teams going there and they can be quite comfortable at Old Trafford.“It isn’t just this season, this goes back to when Fergie left. It’s the ghost of Fergie – they can’t find goals of a United standard on a regular basis.“Fergie set the benchmark, his teams had nearly three goals per game and in his last year, when they won the Premier League title, they had 86 goals. United are so far away from that level of goalscoring.“Money is not an issue for them, they’ve spent over £300m over the last couple of years improving their team, but they’re not really any closer.“You look at Manchester City alone – they’ve got the finances to match United but they’ve also got better players. Then you look at Tottenham, they’re in great shape, and there’s no doubting Chelsea’s quality.“United have a 35-year-old striker, their talisman for many years, Wayne Rooney, is likely to leave and they’ve got youngsters who are not improving.“They’ve got a poorer win record at home this season than West Brom, Watford, Leicester, Burnley, Bournemouth and the same as Hull – that is not Manchester United.” 1 Following Tuesday’s draw Mourinho launched another attack on full-back Luke Shaw and told the club’s young players to ‘grow up’ quickly. However, it’s not just the 21-year-old defender who is suffering.Striker Marcus Rashford netted eight goals last season following his breakthrough into the first-team, but the 19-year-old has now gone more than 1000 minutes without a league goal, having last scored back in September.Meanwhile, 21-year-old forward Anthony Martial has experienced a reduced role for the Red Devils despite shining last season, and Cascarino believes the club’s young stars are ‘going backwards’ under Mourinho.“Rashford and Martial – they are two top quality young players who should have improved under Jose, but they haven’t, they’ve gone backwards,” he added.“Martial was one of the club’s most exciting players last year, and he’s gone from that to being in and out of the team this season. Why?“They’ve got over £100m worth of talent on the bench, but they’re still in freefall in terms of goals scored. And it’s not just strikers, it’s midfielders and the defenders too, everybody across the board at United hasn’t got enough goals since Fergie left.“Jose can win trophies, we know that, he’s won the League Cup and he might win the Europa League, but I don’t see him winning the Premier League title again. How much money is it going to take? Even if they spend £500m, I still don’t see Man United winning it.”Listen to Tony Cascarino’s Manchester United verdict IN FULL above!last_img read more

Keogh return date revealed with Derby man set for 15 months out after crash

first_img 1 Derby captain Keogh could be out until December 2020 Cocu also revealed he spoke with Keogh and said how the Republic of Ireland international feels ‘responsible’.“I’ve spoken to him. He was here [at the training ground] for a short moment and I spoke briefly to him because there’s a lot going on,” he told Sky Sports.“He’s extremely down, of course, because he realises what’s going on for him personally and of course as a responsible player, as captain, to not be part of the team any more does something to you. According to the Telegraph, Keogh was in the back seat of Lawrence’s car which struck a lamppost, and he’s been left with a serious injury to his knee as a result of the incident.The Republic of Ireland international is believed to have suffered severe damage to his ACL and MCL.Keogh, 33, who has made over 350 appearances for the club since joining in 2012, was initially thought to be sidelined until the end of this season, but now faces even longer out.Bennett and Lawrence, who will appear in court on October 15, will not be selected by manager Philip Cocu for the squad against Birmingham, report The Telegraph. Check out all the live commentaries coming up across the talkSPORT network this weekLeeds vs West Brom (Tuesday, 7:45pm) – talkSPORT 2Lille vs Chelsea (Wednesday, 8pm) – talkSPORTCharlton vs Swansea (Wednesday, 7:45pm) – talkSPORT 2AZ Alkmaar vs Man United (Thursday, 5:55pm) – talkSPORT 2Birmingham vs Middlesbrough (Friday, 7:45pm) – talkSPORT 2Brighton vs Tottenham (Saturday, 12:30pm) – talkSPORTFulham vs Charlton (Saturday, 12:30pm) – talkSPORT 2Burnley vs Everton (Saturday, 3pm) – talkSPORT 2West Ham vs Crystal Palace (Saturday, 5:30pm) – talkSPORTcenter_img Getty Images – Getty Richard Keogh has been ruled out for the next 15 months meaning he will not return to action until December 2020 after being involved in a car crash last week.Derby stars Tom Lawrence and Mason Bennett have been charged with drink-driving following the incident which occurred after a team-bonding night out. LIVE on talkSPORTlast_img read more

African stock exchanges ‘must link up’

first_img13 December 2012Africa’s stock markets must collaborate to make the most of historic levels of investor interest in the continent, the head of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange told news agency AFP last week.“The appetite for Africa is very very high,” said Nicky Newton-King, making the case for better links between the continent’s 24 bourses as a means of propelling Africa’s recent and dramatic economic rise.The International Monetary Fund forecasts the aggregate economy of sub-Saharan Africa will grow at around 5.7 percent next year, presenting a massive economic opportunity of the type the region has too often squandered.“I think everybody is trying to find their way, to participate meaningfully in that rising,” said Newton-King, who took over at the continent’s largest exchange in January this year.“All of us who are privileged enough to run exchanges, need to figure out that these waves of investor appetite aren’t yours by right. Once they come you have to be able to ride them properly.“We should not be taking this as business as usual, this is a business opportunity.”According to Newton-King, one way to ride the wave of interest would be to make it easier to invest across Africa’s borders and to improve liquidity in small markets – making a big enough pool that assets can be bought and sold quickly.To that end, the JSE is looking to ink deals with two other bourses in the region.But for now, those deal will focus on improving the continent’s financial plumbing – allowing cross and dual listings and easier order-routing – rather than the creating one pan-African exchange.“I think it is far more about collaboration,” she said.“Were we not to have any exchanges on the continent I think we would have wanted to create a single exchange that would service multiple jurisdictions out of one legal base.“That’s the most efficient way to do it, but I’m a bit of a realist.“Once you try to do cross border mergers and acquisitions, you run into much more trenchant issues of a regulatory nature, all of which stem from ‘how do we protect the local investor?’, ‘how do we make sure the local market grows?’”Newton-King insists that allowing Kenyans to invest in joint-listed South African stock in shillings, or by allowing South Africans to more easily place orders for Nigerian stock, markets would attract more foreign investors.“Really big trades are not going to go to illiquid markets.“The average days trade on the JSE is more than the average annual trade on Kenya and Mauritius put together. There are amazing companies in both of those countries.”Despite political concerns about the erosion on sovereignty that could come with more integrated markets, Newton-King says South Africa’s own experience demonstrates the benefits.“When Anglo-American cross-listed in London, the amount of trades in Anglo-American increased. South Africa’s percentage of trade in Anglo-American decreased, but the decreased percentage was worth more.“In those cases, you have to think quite bravely.”Sapalast_img read more

Investing in African youth

first_imgMusa Mkalipi Digital Jobs Africa is set to reach a million people within seven years. Dr Judith Rodin, president of the Rockefeller Foundation.(Images: Rockefeller Foundation) MEDIA CONTACTS • The Rockefeller Foundation   Kenya, Nairobi office   +254 20 498 7000 RELATED ARTICLES • SA braces for digital TV switch-on • Taking the internet to townships • Young people: own your destiny • Citizens in charge of their destinyAfrica has the youngest population in the world, yet they are mostly unemployed or underemployed, even those who are educated. This, experts believe, is because their skills do not equip them for the modern jobs market, where information communication technology (ICT) skills are in high demand.According to African Economic Outlook’s 2012 report there are almost 200-million people on the continent between the ages of 15 and 24, about 60% of whom are unemployed; by 2045, the number of African youth is expected to reach 400-million.To help get those young people onto the employment ladder, The Rockefeller Foundation has announced it will invest $100-million (R969-million) in “catalyzing sustainable ICT-enabled employment opportunities and skills training for high potential but disadvantaged African youth, thereby generating social and economic opportunities for those employed, their families and communities” through Digital Jobs Africa.The latter will focus on youth and employment in six African countries through, skills training and the growth of digital job opportunities. The initiative plans to reach a million people within seven years.Foundation president Dr Judith Rodin explains the programme: “We will leverage the rising demand from African-based organisations, government moving to e-based government using digital tools, and multinational corporations to create sustainable employment opportunities, which is a win-win for all, cutting costs in many cased by 40%”.Digital Jobs Africa will work in Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa. These countries were identified for the programme based on high levels of unemployment in the particular country, the growth of the ICT sector, and the potential to create jobs. They were chosen, says the foundation, as “they all have dynamic and growing service sectors that offer potential for continued ICT development”. Digital Jobs Africa will provide technical skills and soft skills to young participants, getting them ready to enter the job market.There is a rising demand for digital skills in African companies, governments and multinational corporations. Digital Jobs Africa seeks to work with local organisations as well as support an enabling environment that can be co-ordinated by governments and businesses without the involvement of philanthropy.Rodin says: “Digital Jobs Africa recognises the enormous talent pool of young people in Africa who lack access to quality sustainable employment opportunities and seeks to catalyse opportunities to close that gap.”In the modern world, digital skills have become a requirement for employment and ICT enabled jobs. By developing these skills, it will help the youth for employment in the future. The Rockefeller Foundation believes that innovative, energetic and better informed African youth have the potential to drive economic growth and development.PartnershipsDigital Jobs Africa will be steered out of the foundation’s Nairobi office and will identify other opportunities by working and partnering with the private sector and other stakeholders. Strive Masiyiwa, the executive chairman of Econet Wireless and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation says: “The Rockefeller Foundation’s Digital Jobs Africa initiative will give businesses in Africa the opportunity to employ a talented, skilled and developed workforce right here in our own cities.”According to the foundation a digital job can be distinguished from other jobs such as manufacturing because the product produced by a digital worker is information or knowledge as opposed to physical objects or services. Digital jobs exist in almost every sector including health, agriculture, education, finance and media.ICT leadersThe Networked Readiness Index Report 2013 (NRI), which comes out of the World Economic Forum’s Global Information Technology Report, measures the preparedness of an economy to use ICT to boost competitiveness and well-being. According to the index, Europe remains the leader in the use of ICTs to transform the economy and society. Seven European countries were positioned in the top 10, out of 144 countries in total. Finland was number one followed by Singapore, Sweden, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, UK and Denmark. The US at ninth and China Taiwan complete the top 10. The NRI measures the degree to which economies embrace ICT for enhanced competiveness.ICT also plays a significant role in the economies of the developing world. South Africa was placed 70th, with Mauritius the first African country on the list at 55th. Seychelles follows at 79th and Egypt at 80th. Other African countries in the top 100 are Cape Verde (81), Rwanda (88), Morocco (89), Kenya (92), Ghana (95), Botswana (96), Liberia (97), and Gamibia (98)South Africa moved up two places in the ranking, from 72 in 2012. Companies in the nation have played a major role in the development of ICT.Vodacom, for example, the mobile telecommunications company based in South Africa, promotes skills development and job creation to empower unemployed youth through its mobile education programme, which is a nationwide teacher development initiative to improve instruction in all subjects. Vodacom works closely with provincial and district education officials on the programme. It has rolled out nine ICT resource centres across South Africa.ICT and educationOne of the functions of ICT in teaching and learning is to enhance the development of student information literacy. According to the Association of College and Research Libraries, a professional association of academic librarians and other interested individuals, information literacy forms the basis for lifelong learning. It enables students to master content as well as have greater control over their own learning.In Nigeria, application of ICT in secondary schools is on-going. The demand for computer and ICT literacy is increasing in the country as people believe that computer and ICT facilities are necessary to enhance efficiency, according to Library Philosophy and Practice 2010, an electronic journal that focuses on library practice and philosophy.Although efforts are being made to improve students’ technology literacy, the numbers are still relatively low.The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad) has said that students’ experience with ICT in Africa is very low, and 55% of students on the continent participating in the first phase of the Nepad e-schools initiative said they had had no experience with computers.Nepad’s e-schools initiative aims to broaden ICT knowledge and use to improve the quality of teaching and learning in African primary and secondary schools, with the larger aim to enable students to participate in the global information society. Nepad e-schools have had more than 80 demonstrations, in which each school was given a computer laboratory containing at least 20 computers. The schools were also connected to the internet for access to content and contact with the rest of the world.last_img read more

New Music Tech Experiment by Blink-182 Fails to Impress

first_imgTags:#Location#web Related Posts 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Corndog megaband Blink-182 is the latest popular culture phenom to hop aboard the social web gimmick train, partnering with geodata provider SimpleGeo and cloud music service SoundCloud to serve up new music in a cool experience. As promotion for the band’s forthcoming next album, a new microsite called Neighborhoods.Blink182 now allows fans to listen to previews of the music and chat along with other people in the same offline neighborhood they are in. SimpleGeo helps determine the name of the neighborhood that matches your physical location and SoundCloud serves up the music.The Next Web’s Drew Olanoff says “it’s a similar listening and chat experience to what you’d find on Turntable.fm” and while I can see why he’d say that, it doesn’t feel that cool to me. It’s one band, listeners are unable to listen to the full songs Update: apparently I was wrong about that and songs are available in full, there’s no creative control on the part of DJs. But yes, you can listen together with people near you. Geographic proximity could be a cool addition to Turntable.fm, in fact.When it comes to music, plus location plus technology, Arcade Fire’s HTML5 collaboration with Google Chrome last Summer was much cooler.What Blink-182 has done has interesting potential though and is worth a brief look. I think it falls short of creating the kind of experience that visitors will feel compelled to share with friends though. I like the idea of listening to music with people near me, but not this music and not short clips like this.Below, poor Google Chrome got my location very, very wrong. I’m a long way from LA. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting marshall kirkpatrick A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…last_img read more

First Challenge to FCC Net Neutrality: Is Splitting Hairs Legal?

first_imgLast week’s issuance by the Federal Communications Commission of rules to protect what some still call “net neutrality” was destined to be legally challenged by someone, on some grounds – that’s the nature of regulatory government. (In a pre-emptive strike, Verizon filed its challenge last January.) But in the first of what will probably be several challenges since the order, the advocacy group Free Press makes one and only one argument.It cuts to the quick, and then stops: The FCC can’t adopt two sets of rules for a “mobile Internet” and a “fixed Internet,” while pretending to uphold “one Internet” to the public.The technical argument Free Press makes in its Petition of Review to the First Circuit Court of Appeals, filed yesterday, is that it violates the Communications Act of 1934 – and that argument wasn’t actually very technical. The substantive argument, in its entirety, is this: “Petitioners seek review of the FCC’s decision to adopt one set of rules for broadband access via mobile platforms and a different set of rules for broadband access via fixed platforms.”It would not be the first formal argument to an appeals court that was appreciably shorter than the corresponding argument to the public at large. The group’s policy director, Matt Wood, said this as part of a longer public statement yesterday: “Our challenge will show that there is no evidence in the record to justify this arbitrary distinction between wired and wireless Internet access. The disparity that the FCC’s rules create is unjust and unjustified. And it’s especially problematic because of the increasing popularity of wireless, along with its increasing importance for younger demographics and diverse populations who rely on mobile devices as their primary means for getting online.”“Would you like to shake hands with Thing 1 and Thing 2?”Free Press’ arguments (both the short and long versions) point to a serious problem that FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski has faced with this topic ever since his appointment by Pres. Obama: It isn’t exactly clear in the law whether the FCC has the authority to regulate how Internet service providers manage transactions and manage their own assets. That authority should be bestowed on the FCC – if there’s to be any bestowing at all – by Congress.That the FCC has even issued such an order at all indicates that, rather than amending the Communications Act as only it can do, Congress punted, directing the agency with public statements rather than with laws to declare how it plans to regulate Internet fairness. That Act gives the Federal Trade Commission authority to regulate so-called “information services” under Title I, and the FCC authority to regulate “telecommunications services” under Title II. The law has not determined whether the Internet falls under Title I or Title II, and Congress is unwilling to make new law declaring what space it does fall in.In April 2010, the DC Court of Appeals found against the FCC and in favor of Comcast. The decision underscored the fact that Congress never granted the FCC the authority to tell Comcast, or anyone else, how it can manage the traffic of its own customers over its own equipment.The following month, Chairman Genachowski (over the objections of Republican commissioners) boldly attempted declaring a “third way,” suggesting that it was possible to regulate the Internet as a telecom service when it behaved like a telecom service and like an information service when it was more like that instead. But amid the likelihood of strong challenges from Comcast, Verizon, and others, the FCC backed down, eventually arriving at a draft which evolved into last week’s final order.No unreasonable discrimination (where applicable)The Commission’s current strategy is to draw a line around every aspect of the Internet that has survived challenges, or not been challenged, to this point. That line does not form a perfect square, as indicated by its reinterpretation of the “basic principles” first set forth by former chairman Michael Powell. As Free Press undoubtedly noted, with almost the same breath, the FCC under Genachowski says there is one Internet while defining it to be two:To provide greater clarity and certainty regarding the continued freedom and openness of the Internet, we adopt three basic rules that are grounded in broadly accepted Internet norms, as well as our own prior decisions:i. Transparency. Fixed and mobile broadband providers must disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband services;ii. No blocking. Fixed broadband providers may not block lawful content, applications, services, or non-harmful devices; mobile broadband providers may not block lawful Web sites, or block applications that compete with their voice or video telephony services; andiii. No unreasonable discrimination. Fixed broadband providers may not unreasonably discriminate in transmitting lawful network traffic.We believe these rules, applied with the complementary principle of reasonable network management, will empower and protect consumers and innovators while helping ensure that the Internet continues to flourish, with robust private investment and rapid innovation at both the core and the edge of the network.Genachowski certainly knows he is treading on dangerous territory. The Appeals Court in the Comcast case explicitly ruled that principles outlined by the FCC are not, by definition, rules; here, the Commission has taken three of Powell’s four principles, declared them to be rules, and attached the fourth as a “principle” in hopes that it will just slip right by. There’s also the problem at the crux of Free Press’ argument: The order establishes “fixed broadband” as the alternate flavor of “mobile broadband,” leverages the FCC’s authority to regulate fixed on its authority to regulate mobile, and then establishes some “rules” to fixed that do not extend to mobile (rule iii).“At this time”The justification for the FCC making this distinction is provided on page 32 of the order. It’s a leap of logic that must have attorneys everywhere salivating. Having established that cable companies provide more Internet service to the home, and carriers more service to the phone, the Commission declares that it has a special duty to regulate all traffic on fixed and mobile tiers separately, precisely because it’s so difficult to distinguish the two from one another once they’re on the same network:Although one purpose of our open Internet rules is to prevent blocking or unreasonable discrimination in transmitting online traffic for applications and services that compete with traditional voice and video services, we determine that open Internet rules applicable to fixed broadband providers should protect all types of Internet traffic, not just voice or video Internet traffic. This reflects, among other things, our view that it is generally preferable to neither require nor encourage broadband providers to examine Internet traffic in order to discern which traffic is subject to the rules. Even if we were to limit our rules to voice or video traffic, moreover, it is unlikely that broadband providers could reliably identify such traffic in all circumstances, particularly if the voice or video traffic originated from new services using uncommon protocols. Indeed, limiting our rules to voice and video traffic alone could spark a costly and wasteful cat-and-mouse game in which edge providers and end users seeking to obtain the protection of our rules could disguise their traffic as protected communications.We recognize that there is one Internet (although it is comprised of a multitude of different networks), and that it should remain open and interconnected regardless of the technologies and services end users rely on to access it. However, for reasons discussed… below related to mobile broadband – including the fact that it is at an earlier stage and more rapidly evolving – we apply open Internet rules somewhat differently to mobile broadband than to fixed broadband at this time.The three words that could get the Commission into the deepest trouble are perhaps the most seemingly innocuous: “at this time.” They appear to reserve the right for the FCC to extend and revise its remarks, to borrow a phrase from Congress, and also to concede that these rules are but temporary provisions in lieu of broader and more definitive law. Since that law is unlikely to come from Congress for at least two more sessions, the word “open” as it refers to the FCC’s interpretation of the Internet may very well mean “open question.” scott fulton 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Tags:#enterprise#news center_img Related Posts IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more